Perennial flowers that will grow in USDA zone 5


Bleeding heart.

Benefit of Knowing Your USDA Zone

Gardeners shopping online or through catalogs can look for perennial flowers rated for their zone, like zone 5.  Gardeners should also consider different features of perennials, like the amount of sunlight needed, height potential, or if the flowers offer a fragrance.

Where is USDA Zone 5?

USDA zone 5 starts in northeast Washington (state), dips down through eastern Oregon, west Idaho, and east Nevada.  A thin strip of zone 5 moves east through Utah.  Zone 5 expands in eastern Colorado, and covers most of Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania.  A thin strip of zone 5 continues east through southern New York, northern New Jersey, then along the east coast up to Nova Scotia.  You can see the USDA zone map here.  

Sun Level

Evaluate the amount of sun the planting area receives.  Six or more hours of sunlight is considered full sun; four hours of sunlight is part sun; three to six hours is part shade; and little (dappled) to no sun is shade or full shade.  Some perennial flowers are versatile and can span a sun exposure range from full sun to part shade.

Full sun flowering perennials for USDA zone 5 can include balloon flower, chrysanthemum, coral bells, daylily, phlox, pinks, purple coneflower, red-hot poker, salvia and yarrow. Part sun flowering perennials can include balloon flower, columbine, coral bells, daylily peony, phlox and salvia.  Part shade flowering perennials can include astilbe, bleeding heart, columbine, coral bells and salvia.  Shade flowering perennials can include bleeding heart, columbine and coral bells.

Height

Choose tall growing perennials to place near a fence or building, or in the center of a flower bed.  Add declining height perennials toward the edge of the flower bed. 

Flowering perennials for USDA zone 5 that grow up to 2 feet tall include balloon flower, bleeding heart, columbine, coral bells and pinks.  Growing up to 3 feet tall are astilbe, chrysanthemum, daylily, peony, phlox and salvia.  Growing up to 4 feet tall are purple coneflower and red-hot poker.

Fragrance

In addition to their beauty, some flowering perennials suitable for USDA zone 5 are fragrant.  Those plants can include daylily, peony, phlox and pinks.

© Barbara Raskauskas.

Related content:
*