Established tree and mature tree, what are they?

I received an email inquiry about what constitutes an established tree or mature tree. For assistance in answering this question correctly, I contacted the University of Minnesota’s
Department of Forest Resources Extension Outreach Program. Justin Meier, an outdoor living expert in the program, told me:


A mature tree is one that has reached a desired size/age for its intended use in the landscape. Size and age will vary depending on the tree species and its intended use.

An established tree, especially in a landscape setting, is one that has recovered from transplant shock/stress. Transplanting is stressful on a tree due especially to extreme root loss and desiccation (dehydration). At this point the tree should be healthy overall in the landscape. This process can take up to a few years after transplanting and is not based on age or size.
Thanks, reader, for your email and thanks Mr. Meier, for your help!

Send your email questions about trees, shrubs, flowers or vegetables to barbara@viewsfromthegarden.com.

Trees
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